Cornrows F.A.Q.

Frequently Asked Questions about Cornrows (Track Braids)
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1.  What are cornrows?
2.  How do I braid cornrows?
3.  Can White (or straight haired) people wear cornrows?
4.  What length does my hair need to be in order to wear cornrows?
5.  How long can cornrows stay in the hair?
    5a.  What do I do if I've left them in too long?
6.  How do I care for cornrows once they are in?  Can I wash my hair with cornrows?
7.  Are cornrows haram for Muslims?
8.  Help! My cornrows won't lay flat.
9.  How do I put beads on the ends of braids?

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1.  What are cornrows?
Cornrows, also known as track braids or flat braids are braids that lay against the scalp.  Made through a process of braiding and picking up hair along a row, they may be created using the person's own hair, or through the use of hair extensions.

They are said to have originated in Africa, and have the longest history there, but have also been depicted in art from ancient Greece as well as representations of Celtic women with elaborately braided styles on Roman coins.

In Yoruba art, the rows symbolize civilization, order, and agriculture.  A woman with fine and complex cornrows and braids is seen as well cared for and from a strong family, as some styles take four to eight hours or more to complete.

They have been a constant in Africa for aeons, but in the US they were worn almost exclusively by Garvey-ists and those in "back to Africa" movements until the Black is Beautiful trend in the 1960's and 1970's.

They then enjoyed a somewhat brief phase of mainstream popularity in western cultures during the 1970's when Bo Derek wore them for a role in the movie 10.  The trend was refreshed in the late 1990's and took off worldwide in 2000 when they, along with dreadlocks became a more often seen style on the Paris runways.

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2.  How do I braid cornrows.
If you can imagine parting a long section of hair, starting a braid with a subsection of it and continuing it, but picking up hair as you go along the section, then that's basically it.  If you need illustrations, then go to our page on how to braid cornrowsjoin our mailing list where you can download our 3 page ebooklet from the group file library for free.  There are also photo instructions at  If you would like additional instructions, and lessons in more advanced braiding techniques, then take our online course.
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3.  Can White (or straight haired) people wear cornrows?
Yes they can!  Instead of the absolute minimum 5 cm. of hair length needed to start, straight hair needs to be at least approximately 7 or 8 cm. or maybe even 10 cm. for the style to hold for long.  They may also require a moisturizing gel or hair wax so that the style will hold, and to wear a swimming cap when swimming, a shower cap when showering, and a silk scarf to bed.
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4.  What length does my hair need to be in order to wear cornrows?
Very springy African hair should be approximately 5 cm. and straight hair approximately 7 or 8 cm.  Either can get away with somewhat shorter hair if extensions will be used.Return to the top.

5.  How long can cornrows stay in the hair?

Cornrows can last from a month to six weeks with careful maintenance.  They should not be left in longer because the hair may lock or matt that way, and have to be cut in order to get them out.
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5a.  What do I do if I've left them in for too long?
If for some reason you have left your cornrows or braids in too long, and you've found that they have locked, don't panic.  You won't have to cut your hair unless you have serious knots that are impossible to unravel otherwise.

Before you reach for the scissors, try a ball tipped manicure punch first.  If you aren't sure what that is, it is that wooden stick with the needle like thing on the end that nail artists use to make grooves in acrylic nails or pick up tiny rhinestones.  Many braiders use these to undo microbraids.

These work well for those who want to unravel their dreadlocks, so they are sure to work on matted braids that were left in too long.  Be aware that you will lose some hair in the process, but less than you would by cutting it straight away.

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6.  How do I care for cornrows once they are in? Can I wash my hair with cornrows?
The hair should be kept moisturized and protected from the elements, including the pillow you sleep on at night.  If possible, try sleeping on an African head rest.  If you cannot, then you must cover your hair with a silk or satin scarf at night.  If you find that your cornrows are tight and unfomfortable, have them unbraided immediately.

To wash your hair with cornrows in, place a stocking cap over all of the braids, and then press a mixture of water and shampoo through them with your fingers.  Usually this will be one or two tablespoons of shampoo per liter of water.

After this, rinse the hair with the stocking cap still on, with clear water using a shower massager or "waterpick".  Try to get the water to flow under the braids as well as you can.

After this, use a leave in conditioner and perhaps a little hair spray or a moisturizing spray gel to refresh the holding product.

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7.  Are cornrows and plaits haram (forbidden) for Muslims?  Do I have to undo them for wudu or ghusl?
Cornrows and braids are not haram at all for Muslims.  However, there are different rules for men and women in this.

Women do not have to undo their cornrows for wudu or ghusl, but proper dry ablution must still be done for wudu.  For ghusl, a woman must be sure that water wets all of the roots of her hair.

Men on the other hand, must undo their braids for ghusl.  This means after every marital relation with their wives or at least every Friday during the ghusl before Jumuah.  So simpler styles are recommended for men who wish to wear braids.

I've been told by a sister recently, that women are required to undo their braids during menstruation, but I am still waiting for the details on that.

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8.  When I braid cornrows, they are loose, messy, and won't lay flat.  Where did I go wrong?
It's normal for beginners to have this problem, so don't look at it as something wrong as much as it is something new.  It just takes some time to get used to, and learning when to tug a little and when to loosen up is an individual thing that comes with time.

What may be helpful though, is to consider that just like crochet or cross stitch, cornrowing is a similar craft.  If you were braiding a rug by hand, you would want it on your lap or on your table, and have it at an angle where your hands could do the working while your arms are just there for support.

So try sitting down and turning the practice head at an angle that you are braiding towards yourself.  Your arms can start out somewhat extended, but as you're getting further along the row, your arms should be moving closer to your body.  This is ergonomically better than trying to do the entire braid with the arms held up away from the body.

Also, there is some relation between the width of the row, the thickness of the hair, and how much hair you should pick up when you're adding to the middle strand.  Remember that it's not an exact science.  Sometimes you'll need to leave some slack, and then start picking up after one or two regular stitches.  Go with the shape of the head.  Around curves is where people usually need to make some slack.

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9.  How do I get the beads onto braids?
We have a whole page dedicated to exactly that, with illustrations.  You basically bend a piece of wire, put the braid through the resulting loop, and then slide beads on. Click here for full instructions.
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